Uber CEO Doubted Delhi Woman Had Been Raped: Foreign Media

Uber CEO Doubted Delhi Woman Had Been Raped: Foreign Media
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Uber Technologies Inc.’s CEO, Travis Kalanick and his associate Emil Michael, over the years, have had a particular theory: they suggested to colleagues that their Indian competitors have framed Uber for a criminal violation of India, according to The people familiar with the matter.

In early December 2014, a Uber driver took a woman in an isolated area and raped her, a court in New Delhi said. Shiv Kumar Yadav, the driver of Uber, was sentenced in October 2015 for rape and abduction. The case has become a focal point for the debate about the safety of a new concept of services provided by the company in San Francisco. By the end of 2014, car shrink applications have been banned temporarily in Delhi.

Kalanick and Michael periodically discuss the case at the moment. One of the best deputies Michael, Eric Alexander, told several people that he had to struggle to investigate. He obtained a copy of the rape victim’s medical examination, said four people, who asked not to be identified because of the sensitive nature of the issue. Alexander, who oversaw the company’s expansion across Asia, often carried the document, said the people.

Alexander and Michael Kalanick discuss the possibility that India’s rival Ola may have helped orchestrate an anti-Uber scandal, according to people familiar with the talks. After the driver has been convicted Kalanick again voiced doubts to his friends and colleagues on whether the woman had been raped, according to two people, including Gabi Holzwarth, an ex-girlfriend who responded to questions from Bloomberg. A person close to Kalanick said he assumes the victim’s story was like this from the beginning and never believed in the conspiracy theory Wave.

After questions from Bloomberg on Tuesday Uber said Alexander, who was until recently the president of the company in Asia Pacific, no longer worked for the company, refusing to comment further. Alexander refused to comment, like Kalanick and Michael by a spokesman. Ola had no immediate comments. Recode reported Alexander’s departure and possession of the previous medical records on Wednesday.

Current and former employees said they expressed serious concerns about how Alexander has obtained and submitted the report detailing the results of an invasive medical examination. Alexander got the Uber Law Firm folder, said two people. Alexander thought he needed to assess the civil lawsuit against Uber, one person said. He told his colleagues that the report includes a lack of physical harm to the victim, which compromises allegations of rape, people said. Alexander cooperated with the police and testified as a witness to the indictment in the case.

Bloomberg has not seen a copy of the medical report. Rape can occur when there is no evidence of physical damage.

Uber is responding to two polls that the company has committed a labor breach after allegations of harassment, discrimination and potential criminal activity. The company said on Tuesday it had demolished more than 20 people for human resource violations, and is expected to take other actions in the next week. Managing the incident in India Uber illustrates the challenge faced by investigators and the board by dissecting one of the most growing companies, whose operations now include more than 12,000 employees and 500 more cities around the world. It also shows that leaders were willing to go to extremes in their attempts to protect the company.

An investigation by former US Attorney General Eric Holder examined a number of issues including the use of a software tool to deceive government officials and a meeting at a karaoke bar in Seoul in 2014, Said people familiar with the matter. Alexander Kalanick and Michael were among the employees of South Korea’s Uber Bar, where customers can call women using numbered labels on their tables, according to Holzwarth, the ex-girlfriend who said she was there.

Kollywood’s in crisis, with its films failing, GST looming, and political instability in Tamil Nadu

Kollywood's in crisis, with its films failing, GST looming, and political instability in Tamil Nadu
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Meanwhile, Tamil film producers will try to publish their films before July 1, 2017, when the recently approved tax on goods and services (GST) goes into effect. In other words, the film industry is not working well, and GST will face a blow to the body. There is no longer a single buyer for films in Tamil Nadu; Instead, there are individual local distributors who deal only in cash and do not give a minimum guarantee or advance. And GST will be uniform throughout the state – simple panchayat multiplex screens of city metro – all who want to charge the same 28%.

The biggest blow to Tamil Tamil films with titles and ratings of U Board Central Certification film is that it can not invoke the condition without taxes was granted so far by the state government. This led to a situation where farmers are rushing to get their film before the July 1 deadline, in order to claim the existing advantages.

Kamal Haasan is the only Kollywood star to be committed against the GST. Speaking at the Chamber of Commerce of South India, Kamal said: “Regional film is the strength and pride of Indian cinema. This diversity is the reason why this country is strong. Diversity must be maintained and you can not pressurize that [sic] Tax rates should be lowered to 12-15 percent from 28 percent.I’m a fast taxpayer, but at this step – I will have to leave the industry. We must remember that this is not the East India Company. ”

Kamal’s bold statement waved the hornet. Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley responded and asked celebrities not to use the press to pressure the government to drop the imposing 28% film industry board like the GST. Jaitley said: “The use of the media as propaganda to pressure the government will not work.” The actor responded with a tweet: “Do not pressurize It is a regional film petition and SOS in our FM Our fear of collapse We asked the board to do everything to save it ….”

Meanwhile, associations of the Tamil film industry have no idea what the Tamil Nadu GST government’s perspective and participation. The Chief Minister, E Palaniswami, fights for a struggle for the survival of his government, while the ruling AIADMK is practically divided into three groups. The Assembly will meet shortly to the monsoon session, and each group receives support and does not have time for Kollywood.

In neighboring Kerala, Finance Minister Pinarayi Vijayan Thomas Issac said that the state government would eliminate the entertainment tax on film once the GST regime would take effect. He said that now the local agencies that impose taxes will be compensated and there will be double taxation.

However, the Tamil Nadu government – due to the current political instability – does not have time to adjust the basic problems that affect the industry. For the first time in 50 years, Kollywood feels orphaned because there is no strong leader of the film fraternity. The whole industry feels so Jayalalithaa was alive or Karunanidhi was active, such a situation would not have been adopted.

Narendra Modi leaves for SCO Summit 2017: What full membership of this group could mean for India

Narendra Modi leaves for SCO Summit 2017: What full membership of this group could mean for India
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi made a two-day visit to Kazakhstan to attend the summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), to be held on Thursday and Friday.

Modi’s visit is particularly important because India, which was an observer state so far, will become a full member of the organization. “India will become a full member of the SCO in which SCO represent more than 40% of humanity and almost 20% of global GDP,” Modi said in his statement before departure.

“We have a long relationship with members of the SCO and eager to progress through the SCO to the mutual improvement and growth of our country and our people.” Your statement is read. While Modi hopes that this new commitment will open up opportunities for greater efforts to address common challenges that could hinder India’s full potential to join the SCO could also provide a platform in New Delhi Islamabad to discuss its bilateral differences.

“The SCO will also become an ideal platform for members with conflicts to resolve their issues bilaterally based on the Shanghai Spirit,” the Global Times said Wednesday quoted Li Wei, an anti-terrorism expert at International Contemporary Chinese Relations Institute.

Experts believe that SCO members will support India and Pakistan and will offer help if needed, but they will not internationalize the conflict. “In short, the SCO is not a place for India and Pakistan to fight, but a platform where users can resolve their differences,” said Lin Minwang, a professor at the Institute of International Studies at Fudan University. New Delhi also work closely with the Central Asian countries for the first time. India is one of the largest energy consuming countries in the world and depends on imports for half of its natural gas. The countries of Central Asia have many natural resources and energy, according to this DailyO article. The gateway to the massive energy fields of Central Asia will open for India.

In addition, India will also have access to trade and transit routes between Russia and China, which pass through Central Asian countries.

With member countries of the SCO taking into account the changing position of Iran steady state observer, India may consider reactivating the Iran-Pakistan-India pipeline, a parliamentary panel said. India had abandoned the ISI pipeline following sanctions against Iran for its suspected nuclear program. “The government should consider reviving the project (IPI) as favorable international conditions were made following the lifting of sanctions against Iran,” the Standing Committee on Oil and Natural Gas said in a report.

The IPI pipeline was proposed in order to transport natural gas from Iran to Pakistan and India. With the three countries together on a single platform, the SCO could provide an opportunity for New Delhi, Islamabad and Tehran to revive the long-standing project.

Transnational pipelines are important elements of national energy security and must be vigorously pursued in the Committee’s report. The SCO can possibly act as guarantor of projects such as TAPI (Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India), according to the Hindu.

4 reasons why RBI was right in snubbing govt and holding back an interest rate cut

4 reasons why RBI was right in snubbing govt and holding back an interest rate cut
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It is not for nothing that the attitude of a central bank in monetary policy is called a “position”, a term banks shares with cricket, where the position before a ball before a ball gives a touch that goes To play – or not. It is expected that the governor of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) plays as an experienced test hitter whose main job is to keep the window before playing for shopping, but when it comes, we are now in the T20 culture That some expect interest rate cuts like lofted shots in a limited game and are disappointed when it does not unwind.

It is therefore not surprising that the NDA government believes that the governor of the RBI, Urjit Patel as a type of “wall” Rahul Dravid that is less likely to risk traits. The governor was right this week to stay away from the reduced rate that the government wanted, and now it is public opinion that the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) has come to say no to a meeting with the mandarins of New Delhi. Compared to the lower premium Shaking the ghost of its predecessor, Raghuram Rajan, who invited the label of a flexible governor, the head of the RBI was right to play the scrapbook style reduce the neutral political outlook without actually played his Cut shot despite building the pink Arvind Subramanian stage for a rate reduction.

1. Blues Farm: Even if the governor was preparing his policy, Madhya Pradesh burned with a stirring farmers who pushed his own policy on the night’s headlines the clock. The package of Rs 6,000 rupees announced by the Government of Madhya Pradesh following the steps of the Government of Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra comparable attitude shows that Patel’s speech in the threat at the center of fiscal discipline was firm – and the Bharatiya States Janata Party (BJP) were themselves on fragile tax bases.

With the Center already planned to take on the resulting burden of poor industrial loans in state-controlled banks, it is not necessary to assume hastily that the increase in government spending so that farmers will not cause the implementation and therefore inflation . The ball, in fact, is in the field of Dr. Arvind Subramanian in this account. The highest minimum price of sustaining demand for agricultural products also includes a threat of inflation.

2. Volatile oil: While farmers protesting on MP, oil has almost boiled water while Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries severed diplomatic relations with Qatar – which could indicate a special attention to budget oil imports India. Coinciding with the RBI’s policy, we, the Islamic State militants attack the Iranian parliament. Although the general perception is that geopolitical risks are not important enough to trigger an oil crisis, the fact is that it can not be excluded. Oil prices have stabilized this week mainly due to the rise in stocks in the United States that offsets the cautious mood. Corridors remain concerned about a decline in output in West Asia that can force the price of oil.

3. The mood of the monsoon monsoon has arrived. While the enthusiastic government department is looking at prospects for annual rainfall, it is good to remember that private forester Skymet collaborates with his guns in less rain – and there is always the added risk factor in how precipitation is distributed subcontinent climbing. In the old days, the assessment of monetary policy after the monsoon rains has been called the “peak season” policy, as it has helped policymakers to reduce risks related to agriculture. It makes sense for the RBI to wait for the rainy season before deciding with new rate cuts firmly.

4. GST uncertainties: in addition to all this, there is the much needed tax factor on goods and services tax (GST). While GST expects the government to reduce inflation, there are conflicting views that higher rates of services can fuel inflation, at least in the short and short term. We can also add to this potential recovery potential in the way the GST was implemented, adopted and tested in the initial months.

What is the Impact of RERA on NRIs investing in India property market

What is the Impact of RERA on NRIs investing in India property market
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The Indian real estate market has always been very attractive to non-resident Indians (NRIs) wishing to have their roots in their home country. The reasons for investing in NRIs could be different from upgrading your family home, which offers a better lifestyle so that parents have a signature property to come back to.

To determine if the current range of reforms would have a positive impact on the NRI, it is essential to understand what the typical concerns of NRIs investing in India are.

So far, the common concerns of NRIs investing in India were the opaque nature of business, lack of information, no standard due diligence principle, premature delivery and finalization of projects with a criminal appeal or not Buyers. Especially for NRIs, the heavy nature of the supervised with project developers, where they were unfinished was a great motivation to invest in their home countries.

The question now is whether the NRI can have more confidence in decision-making investment with policy changes such as RERA and GST attract the Indian real estate NRI in 2017.

The government has largely addressed most of these concerns about some of the major policy changes in 2016, namely Real Estate Regulation Act (RERA), Goods and Services Tax (GST) and Law Benami transactions.

RERA or the Law of 2016, standards and real estate development (RERA) ensure that regulations in the market poorly regulated. The buyer will be protected and greater transparency in the sector will be visible. RERA will support the developers in the dissemination of financial information, the timely development of projects and the maintenance of good corporate governance practices.

The GST is the most important tax reform introduced in India. The GST proposes to eliminate the difference in indirect taxes applicable in several states. The benefits of the real estate sector from the fact that the GST would provide more clarity on the tax credits for ER transactions and the allocation of incoming credit would reduce real estate prices.

The Benami Operations Act (Prohibition) provides an effective regime to prohibit Benami transactions. The amended law allows the authorities to temporarily fix the specified Benami properties that may possibly be confiscated. In addition, if a person is guilty of a Benami offense operation by the competent court, which is punished with imprisonment for a period of at least one year, but can be extended to seven years and is also liable to a fine of 25 percent of the fair market value of the property.

The introduction of REIT (Real Estate Investment Trusts) will also have a very positive impact on the real estate sector. REIT open platform that will enable all types of investors – even those with smaller budgets – to achieve safe and rewarding investment in the Indian real estate market. The best thing about REITs is that investors can start with as little as Rs 2 lakh sum to secure the units in return.

For NRI, the RERA, GST, Benami Act, REIT and government initiatives such as demonetization are greatly stimulated by the sense of investment. These measures have improved transparency and modified rules and regulations have greatly simplified the procurement process. FEMA’s tolerant policies and the relaxation of laws by the RBI regarding the purchase of goods by NRIs also raised the interest of NRIs in the purchase of real estate.

India vs Sri Lanka, ICC Champions Trophy 2017: With key figures missing for Sri Lanka, who will stop India now?

India vs Sri Lanka, ICC Champions Trophy 2017: With key figures missing for Sri Lanka, who will stop India now?
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“I always wondered a few days ago, I asked.” Can you come and play with us, you know, in this game? “It was an absolute form” was published to Angelo Mathews. Asked Kumar Sangakkara to reconsider his retirement and rescue his team again. Was a request to the mother tongue. And it was assumed that Mathews was the answer. But maybe there was some truth there. He could not in any way be guilty. Was the eve of the second match in Sri Lanka during the Champions Trophy against India. And Mathews & Co has just concluded a long workout at the oval, home-ground this summer of Sangakkara an English Summer English during which he transforms the qualifying cores into a hobby, already with five -. Four trot.
And Sri Lanka Sangakkara can see with go on Thursday. If Pakistan, India’s first opponents were a relatively unknown team, the Lanka are a team, not so much transformation, they are in conflict. His hype was deep against South Africa, and he also lost his captain and the more experienced hitter, Upul Tharanga, due to the heinous excess – Lasith Malinga in a time to take seven minutes to finish a overcome. Then, on Wednesday morning, Chamara Kapugedera, the second battery of the head of the last part, injured his knee and discarded. Kapugedera, who did almost as many times as the number of years he remained in good measure achieved the 0 strokes against the proteas. And perhaps the only reason why Mathews, who missed the opening game for a calf injury, is playing because he has no choice. So to say that Sri Lanka start the game on Thursday as purely pure strangers would be insufficient. To be against them, there will be an Indian team that seems to have all bases covered and
There was a greenish tint in the field on the oval. In recent years, he would have sent panic signals into the wardrobe of India. But it was the opposition that seemed to shudder this time, with a series of Lanka visiting a nerve center of the oval mark to get an idea of ​​what awaits them in a day. India are likely to cling to their four attacking tracks, leaving R Ashwin on the bench and for good reason.
The Indians, by the way, have not bothered to venture into the countryside. They headed straight to the practice windows in the right corner of the Tenison Terrace booth and started their business. It was also at the time when organizers are testing sound systems around the oval. And the only song they continued to play in a loop from the moment Virat Kohli & Co came to practice and left the Queen “Do not Stop Me Now”. And a fitter song would not have chosen, given the words of Freddie Mercury – “Do not stop me now, I have a good time, I have a ball, do not stop me now” – perfectly resonated with the mood in the camp Indian. And it does not seem in any mood to have a quick stop ball. Somehow, they creaked these lines to heartbreaking gods of England, they made sure that their practice was at least done without interruption, and indeed in full sun.
Thursday’s election day in England. And all the conversations around the tube and in the pubs of London have focused on the battle between Theresa May and Jeremy Corbyn, with graffiti and posters that have all been used a Tory victory. It is therefore unlikely that the game between India and Sri Lanka attracts too much ground neutrality. But the feeling will not be neutral for Mathews and his young team. They are always going to walk in an Indian pot, about 11,000 in the stands, and 11 very confident and cerebral men.

ISIS is paying Iran for designing the offensive against it in Iraq-Syria

ISIS is paying Iran for designing the offensive against it in Iraq-Syria
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Terror finally arrived in Tehran with coordinated attacks on the Iranian Parliament and the shrine of Imam Khomeini. Although it is four days after the anniversary of the death of the Imam, the objectives were carefully chosen. Parliament represents the will of the Iranian people who value their right to express their will in elections, although candidates are reviewed by the Council of Guardians. However, since Iranian democracy is imperfect, it is much more representative than the autocratic regime in the six countries of the GCC as in the South.
The sanctuary of Imam Khomeini is a place of pilgrimage and a reminder of the person who created the Islamic Republic and the concept of velayet-e-faqiha, or the rule of more judicial. This concept is the basis of the state of Iran, the supreme leader in its center.
The attack was a hybrid formed by women and armed suicide men. The Iranian requirement for women to wear the “cloak” or a cloak over their attire has actually helped female terrorists to hide their explosive vests. The death toll will continue to rise as two powerful explosions are deadly. The Iranian parliament explosion was on the fourth floor of the administration block. But they became more disturbing, hostages, whose fate is unknown.
The calendar caused embarrassment to members of the GCC led by Saudi Arabia, Qatar looting, while Iran was painted as the source of all terror. In fact, the policy of former President Barack Obama to defend himself from Iran because she was capable and willing to overthrow the ISIS is correct. According to the video broadcast by ISIS, armed men speak Arabic as they make their way to Parliament. Obviously, ISIS returned to Iran for the design of the ground offensive against them in Iraq and Syria.
Their annihilation is almost complete in Iraq because ISIS fighters cling to a small area around the Great Mosque of Mosul, where their leader of Al-Baghdadi has declared caliph. Syrian Kurds insist closer to ISIS Capital in Raqqa. Terrorist groups are more dangerous when they start to lose.
The history of Qatar raises related issues. A tweet by US President Donald Trump almost took part in action against countries that support terrorism, adding that Qatar was appointed. The news now that the hackers may have planted the news site of Qatar in which the Saudis and emirates continue their action makes the United States and its CGC allies helpless and illogical necessary.
What is surprising is that the great Twitter addict, Trump began tweeting in internal affairs, ignoring the terrorist attack in Tehran. Is this another manifestation of America’s first?
Iran needs worldwide support and commiseration. This is certainly not a problem to look at in terms of Shia-Sunn. ISIS is the enemy of humanity. Let the Saudis take this opportunity to join Iran. If they did, some might still emerge from today’s tragedy.

Freedom Apk Official Latest Version For Android (Direct)

Freedom-APK-Download
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Is not it frustrating when you find an interesting game but you can not play because of the scarcity of coins, keys or jewelry? Do not want to unlock levels and enjoy your game without problems? If so, then Freedom Apk is the application created for you. Many games and applications have become very popular with people since the launch of Android devices. People like to enjoy games anywhere. Games prevent us from relaxing and give us the much-needed break from the monotony of life. However, what is really frustrating is that most games and applications come with in-app purchases.

Due to the immense popularity of applications and games, many developers are making great games and applications. They even earn money for ads that appear between games. In addition to the commercials, the developers earn big purchases in the application. Just when you’re in love with gameplay, you have to buy to maintain momentum, you can unlock a car, character or other game resources. Similarly, some applications have their premium version more attractive than the free version.

 

The creators of applications and games are very intelligent and make purchases in applications, so that it is necessary that the users go there. However, if you purchase premium products in your app or games, you’ll need to create a Google Wallet account that requires an international credit card. The problem here is that most of us do not have an international credit card. Secondly, it is not a good thing to lose your hard-earned money on such purchases.

About Freedom Apk:

The application of freedom is a blessing in such cases. You can save money and enjoy many free games and applications with Freedom apk. It is an essential application for all ardent players. The Freedom application is an application that allows you to avoid free shopping in the application. It allows you to enjoy games and applications without interruption.

You can use the application to unlock new levels, recharge energy, have coins, gems, keys, unlockers, cars and many other resources. There are premium versions of many applications and you can use them for free with the Freedom application.

The app is not available in any legal application, either Play Store or Amazon App Store. Although you can not download it directly from credible stores, you can find it on the official Freedom apk website or other sources. To install this application, you must first download your Freedom APK file to your smartphone or to your computer. You can then install it directly on your smartphone.

The Freedom app is a hacking tool that ignores the Google Play credit verification system. Create a fake credit card to make purchases in the application. Although the card is empty, it is designed to convince Google Play that a purchase has been made.

The important thing about this application is that it needs root access. It will not work on your Android device if it is not rooted. Therefore, it is essential that you rip your smartphone before installing the application. This tool works well on devices with roots that have an Android version of Lollipop and above.

 

Package Name Freedom Apk
Version 1.8.0
Last Updated 11 August 2017
App Size 1.6MB
Root Permissions Required? Yes

The push Indian healthcare needs

The push Indian healthcare needs
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One of the goals of sustainable development 17 (SDG) articulated by the United Nations in 2015 “Ensure a healthy life and promote well-being for all at all ages.” India is one of the countries that have accepted the sustainable development program. Governments, business and civil society must combine to mobilize efforts to achieve 2030. It is also doubtful that continued innovation, both in medicines that meet medical needs not covered in delivery health services, is essential to achieve The health goal. Fundamental to innovation is an intellectual property system that provides world-class insurance needed to promote research and encourage sustained investment over many years to develop new products and technologies. It is important for India to implement an IP (IP) environment that recognizes the value of medicine and rewards innovation.
Mapping the human genome has given confidence that medical research will continue the search for new R & D and the pace of medical discovery will be a big leap. In fact, Francis Collins, a former director of the National Institute for Human Genome Research (NHGRI) in the US, pointed out that the genome could be thought of in terms of a multi-purpose book and a manual flame medicine with The transformative ideas that give health care providers immediate new powers to prevent, treat and cure the disease. Advances in related fields also show accelerated research in health outcomes and medicine: large science and data research, technological advances in computer simulation and telemedicine and the convergence of different scientific streams are very promising for Better innovation of better diagnostic tools, improved treatment protocols, targeted drugs, next-generation medical devices, etc.
Globally, the research-based pharmaceutical industry invested about 58.8 billion R & D in 2015; More than 7000 drugs are under development. Globally, many advances have been made in the field of medical innovation. Unfortunately, the pace of biomedical innovation has not been planned in India. As a result, patients in India have not fully benefited from the unlimited possibilities of medical innovation and the discovery of new drugs. The fundamental problem seems to be that innovation is not sufficiently stimulated and that intellectual property is not fully protected in India. It is crucial for innovative biopharmaceutical companies to reap the benefits of a robust intellectual property rights system that ensures investments in life-saving drug development are justified. New technologies and medical treatment are born unique inventions essential to improve patient care, stimulate economic growth and build an economy of innovation. For the long-term benefits of improving patient health and economic growth, innovators must be able to effectively secure and enforce patents and intellectual property protection.
At present, the importance of creating synergies and providing adequate funding for medical research is underestimated. Therefore, there is a serious lack of public-private collaboration in medical research and delivery. The only successful example of public-private collaboration in medical and pharmaceutical research, as far as I know, has been carried out at the National Chemical Laboratories (NCL), Pune, under the prominent leadership of R. A. Mashelkar. He was the pioneer of collaborative research between NCL scientists and the private sector, which would have produced initial breakthroughs. The current situation may not be as robust as we could barely hear the NCL and public-private collaboration efforts in medical research these days.

Beware of Beijing

Beware of Beijing
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In Astana, Kazakhstan, this week, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will check a box that has long been referred to the list of members of India – a full member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). But the context in which if Delhi had tried to join the SCO has given rise to a more uncertain dynamics between the great powers and the region that surround us. Pakistan is admitted with India, adding to Delhi’s possible difficulties with this forum.
India’s protracted quest to join the SCO poses a lasting tension between the competing geopolitical ideas that animated India since the end of the Cold War. In other words, the question is: where should Delhi enter your store? In the continental or maritime field? Should you align the powers of the heart or a Rimland coalition group? Should India be defined as an Eurasian or Indo-Pacific power? A review of the two important factors that pushed India to the SCO clarified the debate.
One of them is the romance of Delhi with Central Asia since the collapse of the Soviet Union. If the idea of ​​contacts of civilization – Aryans to the Mughals – was the main theme of the compromise, the alleged need to compete with other powers – the same Grand game – provided justification. But the experience of India since 1991 suggests that Delhi can not overcome the tyranny of geography in Inner Asia.
With Pakistan blocking India’s access to the region, there is little that Delhi can do to influence the geopolitics of the Asian interior decisively. Even the mighty Britannique Raj does not have the resources to penetrate deeply into Inner Asia and beat the continental powers. Calcutta had moved to a defensive game in internal Asia intended to prevent continental rivals from invading the subcontinent. The score obviously came out of India in a much less influential position in Inner Asia.
The other source of the clamor in India to join the SCO was the focus on building a multipolar world. Fear of the so-called unipolar moment after the collapse of the Soviet Union, India joined whether we wanted it or not, the Russian camp to build a coalition of Eurasia that would limit the power of the United States. Delhi thought it would be a useful addition to its intensive engagement with the US. And the West after the Cold War. India said Russia and China provide insurance against the alleged unreliability of the United States as a partner.
This calculation saw India participate in the trilateral forum with Russia and China, BRICS, OCS and AIIb. The trance of India has been broken by the recent refusal of Delhi to participate in the Beijing Road and Forum Strap last month. What has changed, is to recognize that China’s power increases, which poses problems for India than in the United States and the West. By becoming a full-fledged member of a Chinese-led forum, the SCO bit into resolving this problem.
Consider, for example, India’s concerns about terrorism. The fight against terrorism, extremism and separatism are among the main objectives of the SCO. While China could argue, it is unlikely to exert pressure, verbal or real, on Pakistan to stop supporting cross-border terrorism and separatism in Kashmir. To make matters worse, China could use the SCO to pressure India to participate and negotiate with Pakistan in Kashmir on behalf of the “good neighbor” SCO wants to promote at the regional level. While Russia is approaching China and Pakistan, it is unlikely that Moscow will come to India’s aid in Kashmir, as was the case in the past.
The SCO also focuses on promoting connectivity and regional integration in Central Asia. Any hope that this could contribute to seems unlikely to benefit India for now. Anyway, Delhi came to the conclusion that the initiatives of the belt and road in China designed to promote economic, political and political development of Beijing, which face the territorial sovereignty of India and claim primacy Regional cooperation in South Asia and the Indian Ocean.