Walk in parts of Brooklyn, Portland and Pittsburgh, and find elegant cocktails, barbers and occasional butchers, with young college graduates. To facilitate the segment of today’s urban economy, jobs were once again reckoned the state of semi-annual joblessness in occupations of glamor, says sociologist Richard Ocejo.
In his new book, “Masters of Art: Old Jobs in the New Urban Economy,” M. Ocejo examines the forces driving the revival of professions as a butcher and waiter among the young urban middle class. A similar dynamic works with a handful of other jobs, including craft beer, the bookbinder, furniture maker and fishmonger.
The Department of Labor states that between 2014 and 2024, the number of waiters and hairdressers in the United States will increase by 10 percent. 100, while butchers will see an increase of 5 percent. 100, compared to a 7% job growth for professions in the same period. The average salary for these jobs was less than $ 30,000 per year in 2016.
Millennia are drawn to these professions, in part as a reaction to “the ephemeral of the digital age,” says Ocejo, a professor of sociology at John Jay University of Criminal Justice and the City University of New York Graduate Center.
Like many of today’s most publicized jobs in areas such as information technology and financial services, these trades “are based on the use of hands, with real tools and materials, to provide a specific product Tangible, “he said.
To attract young people with college degrees and other options in the job market, jobs usually have an element of performance, according to M. Ocejo. In most of the Masters of Craft races, workers interact closely with clients, often in a public context, where their skills and knowledge can be admired. Therefore, it is unlikely that certain manual positions like the electrician and the plumber, experiencing the same “revaluation,” he said.
Unlike real estate gentrification, where the arrival of wealthier people moves low-income residents into a neighborhood urbanites do not usually move workers into more established companies in the same industry, said M. Ocejo.
Whole animal fashion of a butcher does not grow the local boucherier said, as it is likely “closed long ago, when the Italians moved.” And it does not harm halal butchers in any neighborhood. These shops serve a different clientele.
“They have created a niche that did not exist before, and operate in parallel but very, very separate ways” with preexisting companies, said M. Ocejo.
But aesthetics play a key role in the ideal of craftsmanship: waiters with leagues and handlebar mustaches tattooed butchers carving an unusual cut of meat-Mr. Ocejo said that jobs tend to attract people from similar cultural backgrounds, creating a barrier to others.
“It’s very difficult, if you come from a working class or a minority to get one of these jobs, which would give you higher salaries, opportunities for contacts and a more interesting job,” he said. “It’s a challenge for these companies to be more inclusive and not just hire people like themselves or part of their social network.”